The following text and some of the drawings are by Adolph E. Peschke as presented in the 1998 printing of the 1993 edition of the Pioneering Merit Badge Pamphlet: We could imagine the first lashing made by man was wrapping a few strips of bark around a stone to hold it to a tree branch to make an ax to hunt and build with. When you’re adding walkways to a bridge, they need to be joined to the trestle to form a single unit. <> Knots used in lashings •Clove Hitch •Timber Hitch •Square Knot •Marline Hitch •Wraps and Fraps . A diagonal lashing is used when there is a need to close a gap between two spars or when they spring apart, in other words, when we want to bind poles together where they cross each other but do not touch. 0000038365 00000 n Tie one half-knot in front and the next half-knot in back (see figure 116). 1018 0 obj 1014 0 obj 0000036490 00000 n pioneeringbook_knots_and_lashings. The following knots have been developed and tested thoroughly to assure tying ease and strength. "g�ϥZ���7ZI}y�)� o�`|0�#�� �����Xx�:�A�Λ���r�7�m�O$FH��Q�%��T�l��� @ � h�(� r��[��` C �q,����b�g�C�W*���qK�jTl��R��@yZ^f�י�(2zq ������P�~�����U�o�B���LB+X�h> rC�ZEl5Xb�&�81�Z�nz �|�V�b�`p Addeddate 2017-02-01 15:07:28 Identifier pioneeringbook_knots_and_lashings Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t3pw1m56r Ocr ABBYY FineReader 11.0 Pages 18 Ppi 600 Scanner Internet Archive HTML5 … 0000051707 00000 n ��%)sNP8�!A1��{T��s4�q8V��Q8�)-���X��1(��j��"{0�t���O�a���γ^3?�I0�r�t:H��I�86l� ��bL���Y��k��U�߾� startxref Report DMCA. 0000021471 00000 n Title: Microsoft Word - When to Use Knots and Lashings.doc Author: Robert Cardwell Created Date: 5/16/2007 1:55:53 PM Tie one half-knot in front and the next half-knot in back (see figure 116). 0000030659 00000 n First, you can rest the crossing spar on the clove hitch to help support it as you begin the lashing while building your structure. 0000062003 00000 n 0000004483 00000 n Probably the most recognizable knot after the "square" knot, this is a massively useful way to form a loop in the end of a line. 0000001519 00000 n In this section, three different square lashings are shown: (1) the Traditional Square Lashing, (2) the Modified Square Lashing, and (3) the Japanese Mark II. �P� fl3@P�����!��! You want the strongest knot possible so that you don’t lose the fish. You may learn that one of these knots is easier to tie, if so, you can stick with the one you are most comfortable with. 0000000696 00000 n 0000051746 00000 n 0000018480 00000 n <> Overhand knot Overhand knotOverhand knot Half hitch Half hitch 1 1 2 2 3 Reef knot 0000003173 00000 n Step 1: Double the line and run it through the trailer <]/Prev 823882>> startxref 0 %%EOF 124 0 obj <>stream Unlike square lashings, the shear lashing requires eight or ten wraps around the spars before making the frapping turns between the spars to pull the wraps tight (see figure 120). The basic difference between the two terms is that a wrap is made around the spars, while a frap is made around the rope itself. This should put strain on the wraps. It’s the square lashing that is used most because there is more contact between the rope and the poles, and hence it is stronger. After tying the starting clove hitch, proceed as usual using the long end of the rope to make three wraps (see figure 105). Each knot has a specific purpose. (Refer to “Making a Trestle.”). 69 56 To make this lashing, tie a series of half-knots (overhand knots) around the two spars (see figure 115). 0000027890 00000 n A diagonal lashing is used at the center of the X to hold the crossed spars together. 0000019660 00000 n 9yE>œóŠ;Ô:FÓ°´Š€ÙĨì 0000031454 00000 n Next, three wraps are made in each direction across the X (figures 2 thru 5). Hold the crossing spar up to the vertical spar and make three wraps around the spars using the long end (see 3, 4, and 5). endstream endobj 385 0 obj <> endobj 386 0 obj <>/Resources 387 0 R/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> endobj 387 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>> endobj 388 0 obj <>stream 0000002052 00000 n 1008 0 obj Dropper Loop Use: To make a loop in the middle of a line to attach a hook or a rig. With the legs apart, you can make the frapping turns around the wraps to pull them tight. The Two-Spar Shear Lashing starts with a clove hitch on one spar (see figure 118). This lashing is a straightforward approach to the task of lashing two spars together. 1012 0 obj In some pioneering situations all that’s needed is a few wraps with a rope, a light cord, or binder twine to hold two small spars or sticks together. <>stream Download & View Knots And Lashings.pdf as PDF for free. Both lashings can be used to join two poles together that cross each other from 45º to 90º. N.�._1�S�x ����VC,���'�. 0000001416 00000 n 0000016299 00000 n If you find you have extra rope, make more wraps or fraps to use up the rope to avoid cutting the rope or leaving long loose ends hanging out. Palomar Knot Use: To tie directly to a hook, lure or rig. 1013 0 obj 0000024420 00000 n %%EOF �{p�,���,�T�kuwmTJ� x�f u9�k�?��#�)��HTE�fKYkkѝ ���G�% �Қ{OºR�j��?%8���L`;��4�g�]a��@E߁���v��_�j/�}�מ�>�kf����V�/HUW�LQ� Note that in the finished knot the standing and running ends of each rope lie together over the loop in other rope, and that both running ends appear on the same side of the knot. Some methods of making these types are also shown later in this section. 0000014394 00000 n 0000017646 00000 n That is, there will be a few inches of space between the spars where they cross at the center of the X. basic book of knots and lashings - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Make two frapping turns around the wraps (between the spars) to pull the wraps tight (see 6 and 7) and finish with another clove hitch on the horizontal spar (see 8 and 9). In a diagonal lashing the wrapping turns cross the poles diagonally. <> Step 3: Pull the line tight. If you use a rope that is too short to make three wraps and two fraps for a lashing, you should add (Splice or join with a Square Knot) a length of rope to complete the lashing with three full wraps and two fraps. �D Ѩ�n.��X�Z8��Á �"4EF#p�2c6���h�@D7�` endstream endobj 9 0 obj 49 endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Name /im1 /Filter /CCITTFaxDecode /Width 2165 /Height 360 /BitsPerComponent 1 /Decode [ 1 0 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceGray /Length 7 0 R /DecodeParms << /K -1 /Columns 2165 >> >> stream

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