The Semitic languages divide into three sub-branches: North West Semitic (including Hebrew , Aramaic , and Eblaite); North East Semitic (consisting of Akkadian ); and Central and Southern Semitic (including Arabic , South Arabian, and … Ethiopian Semitic (also known as Ethiosemitic or Ethiopic, or in the past by a few linguists as Abyssinian due to geographyIgor Mikhailovich Diakonov: Nauka, Central Department of Oriental Literature, (1965) pp 12) is a language group which forms the Western branch of the South Semitic languages. The most common example is the influence of Aramaic on some texts written in Jewish Koine Greek. Members of the Semitic group are spread throughout North Africa and Southwest Asia and have played preeminent roles in the linguistic and cultural landscape of the Middle East for more than 4,000 years. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Updates? The discovery of the ancient city of Ebla (modern Tall Mardīkh, Syria) led to the unearthing of archives written in Eblaite that date from the middle of the 3rd millennium bce. Semitic Languages Proto-Semitic is a hypothetical reconstructed language ancestral to the historical Semitic languages. Omissions? In the early 21st century the most important Semitic language, in terms of the number of speakers, was Arabic. Some of the oldest attested languages in the world, from the oldest civilizations, are in the family of the Afroasiatic languages. Although the Proto-Byblian and Proto-Sinaitic inscriptions still await a satisfactory decipherment, they too suggest the presence of Semitic languages in early 2nd-millennium Syro-Palestine. Semitic languages are presently accepted as one of the branches of Afro-Asiatic languages. (New York: Doubleday, 1992), 38 2 A. Mazar, Archaeology, 48-49. Semitic languages, languages that form a branch of the Afro-Asiatic language phylum. Students on the master of arts level may specialize in Ancient Near Eastern studies (ANE) or Christian Near Eastern studies (CNE). Inscriptions using the Phoenician alphabet (from which the modern European alphabets were ultimately to descend) appeared throughout the Mediterranean area as Phoenician commerce flourished; Punic, the form of the Phoenician language used in the important North African colony of Carthage, remained in use until the 3rd century ce. Offering more different forms of Aramaic than any other program in North America, the department reflects Catholic University's historical commitment to integrate religious studies with the arts and sciences. In Ethiopia, which recognizes all locally spoken languages equally, Amharic is the “working language” of the government. This W3C-unspecified vector image was created with Inkscape . Their ‘Proto World’ map would show how Homo sapiens spread across the world, taking their language with them. of the Semitic languages with Berber, Cushitic, Chadic, and the ancient Egyptian 1 Amihai Mazar, Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, 10,000-586 B.C.E. Posted by 6 years ago. Other Semitic languages designated as official are Hebrew in Israel (where Arabic also enjoys special status) and Maltese in Malta (with English). In its numerous regional dialects, Arabic came to be used as the spoken language throughout North Africa, Syro-Palestine, Mesopotamia, and beyond (see also history of Arabia). Semites).These peoples are the North-Arabians, the South-Arabians, the Abyssinians (ancient and modern), the ancient Babylonians and Assyrians, the various Aramean tribes, the Hebrews and their kindred (the Moabites and Edomites), the Canaanites, and the Phenicians and their colonies. 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